Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to properly use insulin causes diabetes. Diabetes causes vary depending on your genetic makeup, family history, ethnicity, health and environmental factors. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition which means that the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes starts as insulin resistance. It means that the body can’t use insulin efficiently which stimulates your pancreas to produce more insulin. Gestational diabetes is due to insulin-blocking hormones produced during pregnancy.
- Track 1-1 Type 1 diabetes
- Track 2-2 Type 2 diabetes
- Track 3-3 Gestational diabetes
- Track 4-4 Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults