Diabetes and the Kidneys
Kidney disease is far more prevalent in people with diabetes than in people without diabetes. It is caused by damage to small blood vessels, which can cause the kidneys to be less efficient, or to fail altogether. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pooled data from 54 countries declares that more than 80% of cases of end-stage renal disease are caused by diabetes, hypertension or a combination of both. Type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, which is a risk for hypertension, and hypertension can often precede CKD and contribute to the progression of kidney disease. Both diabetes and CKD are strongly correlated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and therefore, the major component in their management is control of CVD risk factors such as hypertension and high blood glucose. It is important to control blood glucose and blood pressure to reduce the risk of kidney disease.
- Track 1-1 Recurrent renal stones
- Track 2-2 Electrolyte imbalance (sodium and potassium metabolism)
- Track 3-3 Diabetic Renal Diseases
- Track 4-4 Diabetic Nephropathy