Diabetic nephropathy refers to kidney disease that occurs in people with diabetes. The kidneys help regulate the amount of fluids and salts in the body, which helps to control blood pressure and releases different types of hormones. Diabetic nephropathy is when the kidneys become leaky, allowing albumin (a protein made by the liver) to pass into the urine. The condition worsens as the level of albumin increases. The Symptoms are swollen ankles, feet, lower legs, or hands caused by water retention, darker urine, due to blood in the urine, shortness of breath, fatigue, caused by lack of oxygen in the blood, nausea or vomiting, metallic taste. The stages of diabetic nephropathy are determined by the extent of the kidney damage and the glomerular filtration rate, or GFR.
- Track 1-1 Glomerular filtration rate
- Track 2-2 Haemodialysis
- Track 3-3 Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
- Track 4-4 Automated peritoneal dialysis
- Track 5-5 Kidney transplantation