Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Around 10% of all people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. It will develop at any age, but most frequently occurs in children & adolescents. It is caused by an autoimmune reaction where the body’s defence system attacks the cells that produce insulin. In type 1 diabetes, body produces very little or no insulin, which means that need daily insulin injections to maintain blood glucose levels under control. At present, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, where the body does not fully respond to the insulin. It is because insulin cannot work properly, blood glucose levels will be rising, releasing more insulin. For some people with type 2 diabetes this can exhaust the pancreas, resulting in the body producing less insulin, causing even higher blood sugar levels.

  • Track 1-1Mild Obesity-Related Diabetes
  • Track 1-2Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes
  • Track 1-3Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes
  • Track 1-4Mild Age-Related Diabetes
  • Track 1-5Type 1 diabetes
  • Track 1-6Type 2 Diabetes
  • Track 1-7Gestational diabetes
  • Track 1-8Prediabetes
  • Track 1-9Severe Autoimmune Diabetes

Endocrine disorders can cause significant medical problems during childhood and adolescence that may have lifelong health and psychological consequences. Young patients with diabetes, their families, and their diabetes care providers continue to be faced with the challenge of striving to maintain blood glucose levels in the near-normal range. High blood glucose levels with elevated A1C levels are associated with long-term microvascular and macrovascular complications. Recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia, especially at young ages, may cause short- and long-term adverse effects on cognitive function and lead to hypoglycemia unawareness and may be associated with significant emotional morbidity for the child and parents. Development of metabolic complications associated with obesity during childhood track into adulthood and increase the risk for type 2 diabetes and early cardiovascular disease. Clustering of these metabolic abnormalities, which include insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia, constitutes the metabolic syndrome, which may affect up to 50% of overweight adolescents. Other serious disorders associated with obesity and insulin resistance include polycystic ovary disease and fatty liver

  • Track 2-1Complications of diabetes in children Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
  • Track 2-2Childhood Obesity
  • Track 2-3Endocrine Tumor Syndromes
  • Track 2-4Down Syndrome
  • Track 2-5Genetic Syndromes with Endocrinopathies
  • Track 2-6Puberty disorders
  • Track 2-7Pediatric Bariatric surgery
  • Track 2-8Anterior Pituitary, Hypothalamus and Disorders of Short Stature
  • Track 2-9Posterior Pituitary and Water Metabolism
  • Track 2-10Hypothalamic-Pituitary and Growth Disorders
  • Track 2-11Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetic complications generally develop over time. Having poorly controlled blood sugar levels increases the risk which leads to serious complications that can become life-threatening. Chronic complications include Vessel disease, leading to heart attack or stroke, Retinopathy,  Infection or skin conditions, Neuropathy, Nephropathy, Amputations due to neuropathy or vessel disease, Alzheimer’s disease or progressive mental deterioration. High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can harm mother and child, increasing the risk of High Blood Pressure, Pre-eclampsia, Miscarriage Or Stillbirth, Birth Defects

  • Track 3-1Breast cancer
  • Track 3-2Blood cancers (non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma)
  • Track 3-3Stomach cancer
  • Track 3-4Cervical cancer
  • Track 3-5Hyperglycemia and cancer
  • Track 3-6Women at higher risk than men
  • Track 3-7Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer
  • Track 3-8Liver cancer
  • Track 3-9Endometrial cancer (also known as womb cancer)
  • Track 3-10Colorectal cancer
  • Track 3-11Bladder cancer

Kidney disease is far more common in people with diabetes than in people without diabetes. It is caused by damage to small blood vessels, which can cause the kidneys to be less efficient, or to fail altogether. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Based on data from the UK and USA, up to 40% of people with diabetes will develop chronic kidney disease. Pooled data from 54 countries reveal that more than 80% of cases of end-stage renal disease are caused by diabetes, hypertension or a combination of both. Type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, which is a risk for hypertension, and hypertension can often precede CKD and contribute to the progression of kidney disease. Both diabetes and CKD are strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and therefore, the major component in their management is control of CVD risk factors such as hypertension and high blood glucose. It is important to control blood glucose and blood pressure to reduce the risk of kidney disease.

  • Track 4-1Recurrent renal stones
  • Track 4-2Electrolyte imbalance (sodium and potassium metabolism)
  • Track 4-3Diabetic Renal Diseases
  • Track 4-4Diabetic Nephropathy

Women who have diabetes before they get pregnant will have special health concerns. In addition, the new demands that a pregnancy will put on your body, it will also affect their blood sugar levels & diabetes medications. High blood sugar levels early in the pregnancy can cause birth defects. They also can increase the risks of miscarriage & diabetes-related complications. Babies born to women with diabetes are often much bigger, a condition called "macrosomia". Some babies are too big to be delivered vaginally, and you'll need a cesarean delivery or c-section.

  • Track 5-1Hyperglycemia
  • Track 5-2Preexisting diabetes
  • Track 5-3Gestational diabetes
  • Track 5-4Macrosomia

Diabetic foot is one of the most common, costly and severe complications of diabetes. Amputation in people with diabetes is 10 to 20 times more common than in people without diabetes and it is estimated that every 30 seconds a lower limb or part of a lower limb is lost somewhere in the world as a consequence of diabetes. Diabetic foot can result in an important economic, social, and public health burden; especially in low-income communities, if there is neither an appropriate educational programme, nor adequate and suitable footwear. Diabetic foot disease, mainly due to neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease, and/or infection, often leads to ulceration and possible subsequent limb amputation. It is one of the most costly complications of diabetes, and can result in an important economic, social, and public health burden; especially in low-income communities, if there is neither an appropriate educational programme, nor adequate and suitable footwear.

  • Track 6-1Epidemiology of the Diabetic Foot
  • Track 6-2Diabetic neuropathy
  • Track 6-3Diabetic Foot Ulcers
  • Track 6-4Osteomyelitis
  • Track 6-5Foot deformity
  • Track 6-6Management of Diabetic Foot Infections
  • Track 6-7Negative Pressure Wound Therapy
  • Track 6-8Diabetic foot care

Cardiovascular disease is in fact the number one cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes. Researchers are using the term "cardiodiabetes" to describe the co-occurrence of diabetes and significant cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is no absolute predictor of a "cardiovascular event" such as heart attack or stroke, nor is there any 100 percent accurate predictor of CVD, cardiovascular disease.

  • Track 7-1Cardiac Death in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
  • Track 7-2Meal Replacement Therapy for Obesity Care in Cardiodiabetes
  • Track 7-3Management of Hypertension in Diabetes
  • Track 7-4Cardiodiabetes and Peripheral Vascular Interventions
  • Track 7-5Clinical Spectrum of Cardiodiabetes
  • Track 7-6Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes
  • Track 7-7Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
  • Track 7-8Cardiodiabetes and Erectile Dysfunction
  • Track 7-9Diabetes and aortic aneurysm

Diabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels within the retinal tissue, causing them to leak fluid and distort vision. Diabetic retinopathy generally starts without any noticeable change in vision. Treating DR depends on several factors, including the severity and type of DR, and how the person with DR has responded to previous treatments. However, patients with diabetes who successfully manage their blood sugar levels will help to prevent the onset of a severe form of DR.

  • Track 8-1Focal laser treatment, or photocoagulation
  • Track 8-2Scatter laser treatment, or pan-retinal photocoagulation
  • Track 8-3Vitrectomy
  • Track 8-4Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Track 8-5Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Track 8-6Vitreous haemorrhage
  • Track 8-7Detached retina
  • Track 8-8Glaucoma
  • Track 8-9Optical coherence tomography

Diabetes can be hard on women especially. The burden of diabetes on women is unique because of disease can affect both the mothers and unborn babies. Women’s body have two main reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone which can affect blood glucose by changing how body reacts to insulin. When estrogen levels are high, cells become more sensitive to insulin. But when estrogen is low and progesterone is high, women will experience insulin resistance, that is, more insulin is required to help cells take in glucose from the blood. The hormonal swings that make menstrual cycles a challenge for any woman can be particularly tough for women with diabetes. Diabetes can cause difficulties during pregnancy like miscarriage, or the baby may bear defects. Women with diabetes are prone heart attack.

  • Track 9-1Menstrual Irregularity
  • Track 9-2Thyroid
  • Track 9-3Delayed and Early Puberty
  • Track 9-4Abnormal genitalia
  • Track 9-5Menopausal symptoms
  • Track 9-6Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women
  • Track 9-7Hypothalamic Amenorrhea
  • Track 9-8Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The endocrine system plays a critical role in human reproduction and sexuality. In men, the testes (testicles) produce testosterone, a hormone that brings about the physical changes that transform a boy into an adult male. Throughout life, testosterone helps maintain muscle and bone mass, sperm production, and sex drive. The testes synthesize two important products: testosterone, needed for the development and maintenance of many physiological functions; and sperm, needed for male fertility. The synthesis of both products is regulated by endocrine hormones produced in the hypothalamus and pituitary, as well as locally within the testis. Testosterone is indispensable for sperm production, however both testosterone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) are needed for optimal testicular development and maximal sperm production.

  • Track 10-1Klinefelter Syndrome
  • Track 10-2Low Testosterone
  • Track 10-3Prostate Cancer
  • Track 10-4Male hypogonadism
  • Track 10-5Male infertility
  • Track 10-6Decreased Libido
  • Track 10-7Enlarged Prostate (BPH)
  • Track 10-8Erectile Dysfunction
  • Track 10-9Gynecomastia

Parathyroid disorders lead to abnormal levels of calcium in the blood that can cause brittle bones, kidney stones, fatigue, weakness, and other problems. Parathyroid gland hypersecretion may lead to brittle bones that fracture easily and stones in the urinary system. Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by decreased mass and compromised bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fractures. Although idiopathic osteoporosis is the most common form of osteoporosis, secondary factors may contribute to the bone loss and increased fracture risk in patients presenting with fragility fractures or osteoporosis. Secondary osteoporosis can be present in pre- and post-menopausal women and in men. Up to 30% of post-menopausal women and 50–80% of men are found to have factors contributing to osteoporosis when undergoing an evaluation for underlying causes of the disease.

  • Track 11-1Calcium metabolism
  • Track 11-2Bone and Calcium disorders
  • Track 11-3Hypercalcemia
  • Track 11-4Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Track 11-5Pharmacological Management of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women
  • Track 11-6Hypoparathyroidism
  • Track 11-7Hyperparathyroidism
  • Track 11-8Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
  • Track 11-9Vitamin D Disorders
  • Track 11-10Fibrous dysplasia bone
  • Track 11-11McCune-Albright syndrome
  • Track 11-12Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Track 11-13Hypophosphatasia
  • Track 11-14Disorders of phosphate metabolism
  • Track 11-15Disorders of abnormally high bone density
  • Track 11-16Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy
  • Track 11-17Secondary Osteoporosis
  • Track 11-18Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis
  • Track 11-19Osteoporosis in Men
  • Track 11-20Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening exacerbation of adrenal insufficiency due to increased physiologic demand (infection) or decreased supply (discontinuation of steroid therapy) of cortisol. It usually occurs in response to a major stress, such as acute myocardial infarction, sepsis, surgery, major injury, trauma, or other illnesses in any patient with primary or secondary adrenal insufficiency. In this situation, the adrenal gland fails to mount a stress response via increasing circulating cortisol levels. The most frequent iatrogenic cause of acute adrenal crisis is rapid withdrawal of steroids in patients with adrenal atrophy secondary to long-term steroid administration.

  • Track 12-1Primary adrenal insufficiency, or Addison disease
  • Track 12-2Secondary adrenal insufficiency
  • Track 12-3Acute adrenal failure
  • Track 12-4Addisonian crisis

Pituitary disorders can be due to either too much, or too little pituitary hormone secretion. These disorders can result in a wide variety of different clinical conditions, depending on which hormone signals are disrupted. Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. The thyroid has important roles to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. Since the thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, disorders of these tissues can also affect thyroid function and cause thyroid problems.

  • Track 13-1Thyroid Nodule
  • Track 13-2Thyroid cancer
  • Track 13-3Hypercortisolism
  • Track 13-4Hyperaldosteronism
  • Track 13-5Acromegaly
  • Track 13-6Pituitary Masses
  • Track 13-7Hypopituitarism
  • Track 13-8Hyperthyroidism
  • Track 13-9Hypothyroidism
  • Track 13-10Thyroiditis
  • Track 13-11Goitre

Obesity is a current and growing public health problem. Overweight and obesity are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Many cardiovascular disease risk factors are elevated in overweight and obese individuals, including dyslipidemia and inflammation, among others. Adiponectin, a hormone secreted by adipose tissue, has both metabolic and anti-inflammatory properties. Multiple studies have described the relationship between adiponectin and obesity in several human populations. Obese women, on average, give birth to babies with high fat mass. Placental lipid metabolism alters fetal lipid delivery. LDL Cholesterol plays a prominent role in this "diabetic dyslipidemia" and is considered strongly atherogenic, more a cause than a simple marker of increased risk. The variant known as VLDL, very low-density lipoprotein, seems particularly dangerous--though it appears a rise in HDL, high density lipoprotein cholesterol may moderate its destructive action, even without a corresponding drop in LDL numbers.

  • Track 14-1Lipodystrophy syndromes
  • Track 14-2Feminizing Hormone Therapy
  • Track 14-3Maternal Obesity
  • Track 14-4Placental lipid metabolism
  • Track 14-5Elevated Cholesterol icd 10
  • Track 14-6Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Track 14-7Bardet-Biedl syndrome

A neuroendocrine tumor can grow in spots like your pancreas, a gland in your belly. It can also happen in your stomach, intestines, or lungs. These cells have traits of both hormone-producing endocrine cells and nerve cells. They are found throughout the body’s organs and help control many of the body’s functions. Hormones are chemical substances that are carried through the bloodstream to have a specific effect on the activity of other organs or cells in the body. All NETs are considered malignant tumors.

  • Track 15-1Insulinomas
  • Track 15-2Glucagonomas
  • Track 15-3Gastrinomas
  • Track 15-4Somatostatinomas
  • Track 15-5Pheochromocytoma
  • Track 15-6Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Track 15-7Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
  • Track 15-8Neurofibromatosis type 1
  • Track 15-9Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

Endocrinologists are equipped to treat a range of endocrine disorders and dysfunctions.  Limitations in appropriate and timely use of insulin impede the achievement of good glycemic control. Wide-ranging efforts must be made to remove negative perception of insulin therapy in the community. Patient and physician targeted programs to enhance awareness in various aspects of diabetes care must be initiated across all levels of healthcare ensuring uniformity of information.

  • Track 16-1Pre and Post-operative management of endocrine patients and patients with diabetes
  • Track 16-2Programmed investigations for complex endocrine disorders
  • Track 16-3Management of diabetic and endocrine emergencies such as ketoacidosis and hypercalcaemia
  • Track 16-4Management of Diabetes and Endocrine conditions during Pregnancy
  • Track 16-5Multidisciplinary working with colleagues including specialist nurses, allied healthcare professionals, and other specialist clinicians

Some hormone disorders, such as an underactive thyroid, can be treated with daily hormone medication. Other diseases may require more complex treatment, such as surgery. An endocrinologist can review treatment options and help to choose the best one. Blood and urine tests to check your hormone levels can help the doctors determine about the endocrine disorder. Imaging tests may be done to help locate or pinpoint a nodule or tumor. Treatment of endocrine disorders can be complicated, as a change in one hormone level can throw off another

  • Track 17-1Brain Stereotactic Radiosurgery
  • Track 17-2Feminizing Surgery
  • Track 17-3Gastric Bypass
  • Track 17-4Home Enteral Nutrition
  • Track 17-5Home parenteral nutrition
  • Track 17-6Lipid Management
  • Track 17-7Masculinizing hormone therapy
  • Track 17-8Masculinizing surgery
  • Track 17-9Pancreas transplant
  • Track 17-10Sleeve gastrectomy
  • Track 17-11Thyroidectomy
  • Track 17-12Transnasal endoscopic procedures
  • Track 17-13Biphosphonate Therapy (For Osteoporosis)
  • Track 17-14Insulin Pump
  • Track 17-15Male Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Track 17-16Parathyroid Hormone Therapy (For Osteoporosis)
  • Track 17-17Pituitary Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Track 17-18Radioactive Iodine Therapy
  • Track 17-19Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Track 17-20Adrenalectomy
  • Track 17-21Bariatric Surgery
  • Track 17-22Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch(BPD/DS)

Health Care professionals can diagnose diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes through blood tests. The blood tests show if your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high or low. Some people will not have any symptoms but may have risk factors for diabetes and need to be tested. Testing allows health care professionals to find diabetes sooner and work with their patients to manage diabetes and prevent complications. Most often, testing for type 1 diabetes occurs in people with diabetes symptoms. Doctors usually diagnose type 1 diabetes in children and young adults. Because type 1 diabetes can run in families, a study called TrialNet offers free testing to family members  of people with the disease, even if they don’t have symptoms. Though type 2 diabetes most often develops in adults, children also can develop type 2 diabetes. Experts recommend testing children between the ages of 10 and 18 who are overweight or obese and have at least two other risk factors for developing diabetes.

  • Track 18-1Insulin
  • Track 18-2Oral medications
  • Track 18-3Islet Transplantation
  • Track 18-4Bariatric Surgery
  • Track 18-5Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
  • Track 18-6A1C test
  • Track 18-7Random Plasma Glucose (RPG) test
  • Track 18-8Glucose Challenge test
  • Track 18-9Oral Glucose Tolerance test (OGTT)

Healthy eating is a central part of managing diabetes. In some cases, changing your diet may be enough to control the disease. Eating the right foods and adopting other lifestyle behaviours that promote healthy blood sugar and insulin levels will give you the best chance at avoiding diabetes. There are a few herbs that may help increase insulin sensitivity and reduce the likelihood of diabetes progression which are curcumin and berberine. The major goal in treating type 1 and type 2 diabetes is to control blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range, with minimal excursions to low or high levels. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a Type 1 diabetes diet. Type 2 diabetes is treated with weight reduction, a type 2 diabetes diet, and exercise, diabetes medications (oral or injected) are prescribed when these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars of type 2 diabetes. If other medications become ineffective treatment with insulin may be initiated.

  • Track 19-1Vegan Diet
  • Track 19-2Meal plan methods
  • Track 19-3Carbohydrate counting
  • Track 19-4The plate method